What is muscle pain?
The medical term for muscle pain is myalgia. Myalgia occurs in many rheumatic disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyalgia rheumatica, and Fibromyalgia.
Muscle aches and pains are common and can involve more than one muscle at the same time. Muscle pain can also involve the soft tissues that surround muscles. These structures, which are often referred to as connective tissues, include ligaments, tendons, and fascia (thick bands of tendons).
Most muscle and joint injuries result from a variety of factors that fall under the umbrella term of 'soft tissue injuries'. These soft tissue injuries account for about 80% of all sports injuries. Although these are mainly acute, in some instances chronic muscle and joint injuries do occur. These may last for months or years even, and should always be treated under medical advice.
How is muscle pain treated?
Treating muscular aches and pains may be a case of applying a cold pack, or in some cases taking medication. If you are in pain, over-the-counter painkillers can provide some relief, as can some complementary therapies. Knowing when to consult your doctor is also important.
What are sprains and strains?
Sprains are injuries to a joint or its associated structures. They usually occur as a result of a sudden forceful movement, which damages both the ligament and the joint capsule. Pain and swelling occur, and movement becomes restricted. In some cases however, you may be able move beyond what is your normal range of movement.
Strains are injuries to muscles. They may be caused by not warming up properly before exercising, or by excessive stretching of the muscle. Pain and swelling usually occur. The pain is stabbing and is in the area of injury